Article by Pragyamita Saha, The North-Eastern Chronicle
Visuals by: Kunal Kaustav Duwarah
Well, the most common debate that we hear about Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose is the mystery behind his death, whether he really died in the plane crash in Taiwan on 18 August 1945 or it was all staged up.
Theories related to Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
There are primarily three theories about the death of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, one of the greatest leaders of the Indian Independence movement. First the official theory he died in a plane crash on August 18 1945 and at the Taihoku Aerodrome in erstwhile Formosa.
The second is that he stages his plane crash and escape to Russia where he was killed in a prison. Third, he staged his plane crash escape to Russia came back to India as a holy man and died on September 16, 1985, in Faizabad Uttar Pradesh. A Mukherjee commission was set up in 1999 to investigate which deals with all the 3 theories including Anuj Dhar’s “India’s Biggest cover-up” and Anuj Dhar and Chandrachur Ghose’s “Conundrum”
According to the evidence provided in the committee, which appears that Netaji was not going to Tokyo in the plane which crashed in Taiwan and was rather moving to Russia and on that day no plane crash took place. This was also mentioned in the secret file no. 32 ref. no. DIB/B/2. It is available in National archives.
Was it a staged death?
There are 19 reasons which prove that the death of Netaji was staged up and no plane crash has taken place on that day. On that day Netaji took off from Taihoku with four boxes of gold and has given such a goodbye that he was never going to come back again at that very place and why he took only Habibur Rahman his only comrade companion in that Japanese plane, on the other hand, they have their own INA plane with 12 seaters?
Now there are many cases that have been evolved throughout the ongoing investigation. About the plane crash, various photographs that the Committee has collected doesn’t show a proper place where the plane crash actually took place. The Aerodrome officers, the regional persons of that area and other government officials of Taiwan clearly mentioned that no plane crash has taken place on 18th August not only that in the whole year of 1945 not a single plane crash had taken place in that particular area of Taihoku.
No records have been found in the police logbook, hospitals record or crematorium files in Taiwan. Yoshimi and surata the doctor who was attending Netaji said that one death certificate has been issued in the name of Kanakanta but the death reason mentioned was totally different. Another death certificate was found which was in the name of Ichiro Okura died on the very same day but the reason for the death was due to a heart attack not any kind of burning or plane crash.
Taiwan officers were travelling with Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose nothing was mention about their deaths. So can we say that the full-fledged officers who were travelling with Netaji Subhas Chandra were no one has seen their dead body at all how can it this be possible? The only eyewitness of Bose cremation was Habibur Rahman and interpreter Juichi Nakamura.
The Shahnawaz Committee and the Khosla committee both have officially concluded that Netaji died in a plane crash on 18th August 1945 but one should also know that in 1978 our Prime Minister, Morarji Desai didn’t agree with this reports at all. After collecting and interpreting all the evidence, the two committee’s boards have declared the statements that our government wanted to hear.
However, there is no logical reason behind the plane crash till now, no one has given any full proof or concrete evidence about the plane crash. Even the conclusion of the Shahnawaz committee was totally declined by Jawaharlal Nehru.
Now coming onto the person who was overwhelmed by many names like Ramsan Pardeewale baba, Bhagbanji or Gumnami baba. In the year 1955, the person settled in Lucknow to spend the rest of his life but he was not aware of the fact that his secrecy will be coming at each and every step and he had to move from one place to another to keep his identity secret. But why didn’t he came up in front of the world after he was alive?
Was India’s ‘Independece’ a mirage?
A theoretical answer given by Chandrachur Ghose was that he believed the Independence we got is not a real Independence. It’s just a deal between some ministers and the Britishers. To get this Independence we have paid partition in return and he doesn’t want to get involved in such kind of dirty politics anymore he has turned his face from all of these.
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Some statements were given by Mr Shrikant Sharma Kanha in Mukherjee committee of 2005 was that Leela Roy, Netaji’s oldest friend and freedom fighter tried to established contact with Gumnami Baba giving a message through a letter which is addressed in the name of “Subhash daa”.
Who is Gumnami Baba?
Gumnami baba or Baghwanji died in Ghaziabad Uttarpradesh on 18th September 1985. His cremation was done in Gupta ghat near the military Canon of Sarayu river where Sri Ramchandra took his Samadhi.
Many evidence obtained from the room of Gumnami Baba was mostly the immense number of letters that were addressed to Gumnami Baba in the name of Netaji or Subhash. The most important letter that was found in the place of Gumnami Baba was the letter of Secretary Nethanial Knowlen’s signed. It’s an official letter of foreign service that was sent to the place of Gumnami Baba.
Many other things like Japanese water filters, world war 2 flashlights, German binocular, cigarettes, cigars, many books written in the language of Bengali, English and Sanskrit of famous writers, along with various kinds of journals and magazines.
Some pictures of his family were also found like Netaji cousin’s, mother, father, sisters and in the back of every picture there are some messages written and it was all confirmed by his niece Lalita Bose. Suresh Bose brother of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose has clearly stated that Gumnami Baba was Netaji in the Shahnawaz committee that was set up in 1956.
As a response to the persistent efforts of mission Netaji along with others, a total of 2204 Netaji files have been declassified by various governments. Till today the biggest finding from them has been that despite the official stand that Netaji died in a plane crash in 1945 for some mysterious reason the Nehru government spied on the Bose family till as late as 1964.