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Republic Day 2022: Know your country 

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Every year on January 26th, Republic Day is observed to honour the adoption of the Indian Constitution, which took effect on this date in 1950. The Constitution is the highest law of the land, and citizens must follow it. 

On January 26th, 2022, it will be the 73rd year. We are all looking forward to seeing the amazing parades on Janpath in New Delhi, which we were all able to see physically but  only a handful will be able to view owing to the pandemic. In 1965, Hindi was also declared the official language of India on this date. 

On August 15, 1947, India became an independent nation, a date pushed by Lord Louis Mountbatten since it was the second anniversary of Japan’s surrender to allied powers following World War II.

Significance of Republic day

The Republic Day commemorates India’s independence and individuality. The exhibition of military equipment, the national flag, and military equipment are all key emblems of the celebration.

Purna Swaraj, the declaration of India’s independence from colonial authority, was released on this day in 1930 by the Indian National Congress. The new constitution was enrolled under the leadership of Dr. BR Ambedkar.

Celebrating Republic Day

The Indian Republic Day is observed with great patriotism and pride all around the country. At Rajpath in Delhi, India’s President hoists the national flag. Spectators are treated to magnificent parades by regiments of the Indian Army, Navy, Air Force, police, and paramilitary forces. 

India’s defence capability is also on display, with the latest missiles, aircraft, and weapon systems. During the march, beautiful tableaus depicting the diversity of India’s states are also displayed. The Indian forces normally put on a number of air shows and flypasts to cap off the festivities.

The President of India bestows Padma Awards on deserving people who have made significant contributions to the country. Paramvir Chakra, Ashok Chakra, and Vir Chakra are also given to brave soldiers. Every year, a live webcast of the Republic Day March is made available to millions of individuals who want to watch the parade on the Internet or on television.

After all of the festivities, the Beating Retreat takes place, formally bringing the Republic Day celebrations to a close. Every evening from the 26th to the 29th, all key government buildings are attractively decked with yellow lights.

On the evening of January 29, the third day after Republic Day, the Beating Retreat ritual is held. The drummers also play a solo piece called the Drummer’s Call. 

The band’s return to the stage, performing Saare Jahan Se Achcha, a popular martial tune. The National Flag is lowered and the National Anthem is sung at precisely 6 p.m., bringing the Republic Day celebrations to a ceremonial close.

History

India’s Constitution took effect on January 26, 1950, replacing the Government of India Act (1935). On January 26, India became a republic by adopting its own Constitution.

Dr. Rajendra Prasad began his first term as President of India on that day, and the Constituent Assembly became the Parliament of India under the new Constitution’s transitional provisions.

The Indian National Congress (INC) declared “Purna Swaraj,” or complete self-rule, on January 26, 1930, long before India gained independence from British rule on August 15, 1947.

India was still governed by the Government of India Act 1935 when it became independent on August 15, 1947. It became a republic only after the adoption of the Constitution on January 26, 1950.

Also Read: NATIONAL VOTERS’ DAY 2022: READ HISTORY AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE DAY

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